Diabetes is a disease that impairs the body’s ability to produce or respond to insulin. This results in an abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates and elevated levels of glucose in the blood. Elevated levels of glucose or high blood sugar over time can lead to diabetic eye disease.
Diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of vision loss in diabetic patients. One in three adults over the age of 40 are already showing symptoms of the diabetic eye disease.
Diabetic retinopathy occurs when high blood sugar causes damage to the blood vessels. These damaged blood vessels can weaken, bulge, and leak, causing harm to the retina. This is called non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy. When the blood vessels close off and new blood vessels grow on the surface of the retina, much more serious vision problems may occur.
Early diagnosis and treatment of diabetic retinopathy can reduce the risk of complete vision loss by 95%. By managing blood sugar and cholesterol levels, maintaining a non-smoking lifestyle, regular checkups, and exercising regularly, patients can help prevent diabetic retinopathy.
Matossian Eye Associatescenter of excellence for comprehensive eye exams, cataracts, glaucoma, dry eye, oculoplastics and aesthetics, neuro-optometry, retina, cornea, contact lenses, and clinical trials, 1-800-708-8800 www.matossianeye.com.
Source - https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/preventing-problems/diabetic-eye-disease