Spring and Summer are our favorite times of year to bask in the sun and enjoy various outdoor activities, but extended exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays can be harmful to our precious eyes. Eye care specialists from Matossian Eye Associates often discuss common UV-related eye conditions with patients, and these conditions typically include the following:
This condition, otherwise more commonly referred to as “corneal sunburn,” results from over-exposure to UV rays. It’s just one of the myriad of reasons your Matossian Eye Associates eye doctor recommends wearing 100-percent UV-blocking sunglasses whenever you hit the outdoors. You can also wear a wide-brimmed hat or use an umbrella for added protection while enjoying the sun and surf.
Sometimes called “surfer’s eye,” this fleshy, wedge-shaped, non-cancerous growth appears on the white area of the eyes. Ultraviolet light from the sun seems to be the primary cause of pterygium, and eye doctor professionals believe spending excessive amounts of time in the sun plays a role as a primary risk factor. An eye care specialist such as an optometrist may prescribe medicated eye drops to halt the growth of the pterygium, and patients may also have surgical options for pterygium removal.
As a topic we’ve covered in previous Matossian Eye Associates blogs, dry eye can be caused by basking in the sun for too long, which eventually hastens the evaporation rate of tears and can compromise the lubrication in the eyes. When this occurs, eyes may feel sore, gritty and heavy, with Matossian eye doctors often recommending applying warm compresses or artificial tear solutions for enhanced visual comfort.
Over-exposure to solar radiation, in addition to increasing age, is also a major risk factor for what is known as macular degeneration – wherein the harsh UV rays of the sun may hasten retinal and macular deterioration, making you more likely to develop this condition. Most eye doctor specialists recommend consuming more nutritious foods, exercising regularly and visiting the optometrist to help slow or even cease the progression of the situation.
If you have been following any of our informative blogs as of late, you’ll see the topic of cataracts pop up more than just a few times…and there’s a reason for that. Cataract formation is a common eye problem related to age, and overexposure to UVB light can increase the risk of developing this disease. Without prompt action, cataracts can lead to diminished vision and even blindness.
Get in touch with Matossian Eye Associates today to learn more about UV-related eye problems and how you can keep your eyes safe and healthy as you enjoy your outdoor adventures this spring and summer!