Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in world. There are many different types of glaucoma, but they all lead to damage of the optic nerve (the connection between the eye and the brain). This damage leads to very characteristic visual field loss starting in the periphery and slowly encroaching toward the central vision. There are typically no signs or symptoms in most types of glaucoma. If left untreated, glaucoma can lead to total blindness. This is why glaucoma is referred to as the “silent thief of vision.”
Since vision loss from glaucoma is irreversible, early diagnosis and treatment by your ophthalmologist are the keys to preventing blindness from glaucoma. A glaucoma screening that checks only the pressure in the eye is not sufficient to diagnose glaucoma. A full eye exam is needed to properly determine if you have glaucoma. High pressures in the eye are a leading risk factor for glaucoma but there are several other factors have been identified as other risks. Some of these pressure independent factors include: loss of retinal ganglion cells, optic nerve blood flow, neurotrophic factors, axonal degeneration, and anatomic structure of optic nerve and sclera.
Matossian Eye Associates has Fellowship-trained glaucoma specialists who are well-versed in both the cutting-edge diagnostic and treatment options for glaucoma.