Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a deterioration of the macula, which is the most sensitive part of the retina. The macula is a small area in the retina — the light-sensitive tissue lining the back of the eye. The macula is the part of the retina that is responsible for your central vision, allowing you to see fine details clearly.
With macular degeneration, you may have symptoms such as blurriness, dark areas or distortion in your central vision, and perhaps permanent loss of your central vision. It usually does not affect your side, or peripheral vision. Many people are not aware that they have macular degeneration until they have a noticeable vision problem or until it is detected during an eye examination.
Treatments for AMD vary depending on the type and extent of AMD and should be discussed with your retina specialist.