Central Serous Retinopathy (CSCR)
Central Serous Retinopathy- or CSR – occurs when fluid builds up under your retina, the nerve layer that lines the back of your eye. This fluid buildup causes blurred or distorted vision. The causes of CSR are not completely understood, but high levels of corticosteroid – a hormone – can cause the condition to worsen. Stress can increase this hormone, as well as other factors including pregnancy, high blood pressure, and certain medications, such as steroids used for asthma, allergies, or arthritis. To determine if you have CSR, your eye care professional will perform a non-invasive scan of the retina, called an OCT to see a cross-sectional view of the retina. Another test called fluorescein angiography will take pictures of the blood flow through your retina to look for sources of fluid leakage. The fluid buildup usually goes away after 3 to 6 months, but if it persists or comes back, more in-depth treatments should be pursued. These options include laser treatment, photodynamic therapy, intravitreal injections, or simple oral medications. Regular checkups and using the Amsler grid at home are key to monitoring the progress of your eye health. Should you have CSR, be sure to schedule regular visits with your eye care professional.
While the center of the retina is what provides our sharpest vision, the periphery of the retina is also important. One of the conditions that can affect the peripheral retina is called Lattice Degeneration. It consists of spots, or strips of increased dark pigmentation, that are crossed by fine white streaks like a lattice. Lattice Degeneration may never cause any problems, but sometimes a small hole can occur in the area of the lattice, and this hole may lead to a detachment of the retina. Symptoms of a hole in an area of Lattice Degeneration include flashes, like lightning streaks, in the field of vision, or new floaters. Retinal holes associated with Lattice Degeneration may or may not require treatment, but the only way to be sure, is to speak with an eye doctor promptly, should you notice any new floaters or flashes. Lattice Degeneration, without holes, can be monitored routinely at your eye doctor’s discretion.